- The average life span of a red squirrel is 5-10 years but most don’t reach their first birthday due to disease or predation.
- They have a top speed of 22.5km/h.
- Red squirrels are usually most active during the morning or late afternoon. This is when they eat the most food. In spring and summer, they remain resting in their nests around midday to escape the extreme heat. In winter, this midday rest is likely to be very short or missed entirely.
- Red squirrels spend the majority of their time up in the trees but they come to the ground to search for food and to bury food items.
- Red squirrels eat mostly the seeds from trees, and will neatly strip conifer cones to obtain the seeds, nuts (particularly hazelnuts but also chestnuts and beech), berries, and young shoots. They occasionally eat bird eggs or chicks.
- Red squirrels thrive where there are pine martens as the pine martens are natural predators of the grey squirrel. They are unable to reach the heights of the red squirrels nest so this means there are less grey squirrels to kill the red squirrels.
MATING SEASON – February-March, June-July
GESTATION PERIOD – 36-40 days
NUMBER OF YOUNG – 3-5 kittens
INDEPENDENT AGE – 7 weeks
FEMALE NAME – doe
MALE NAME – buck
BABY NAME – pup, kit, kitten